The Bible is God’s revelation of Himself to mankind. In the Bible God has revealed to mankind what could not be known apart from Divine revelation. . In I Corinthians 1:21, we are told “The world through its wisdom did not know Him” (NIV). In 1 Corinthians 2:9-10 we read: “No eye has seen, no ear has heard, no mind has conceived what God has prepared for those who love him—but God has revealed it to us by his Spirit”. Thus we could know nothing about God other than what He has been pleased to reveal to us.
While there were human writers it is inaccurate to refer to them as authors of the Scriptures because the true Author is God Himself, they were the penmen. We are told in II Timothy 3:16: “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness”. The Scriptures themselves were breathed out by the Holy Spirit. They are the result of the creative breath of God.
In Scripture the breath of God refers to His Almighty creative power. Psalm 33:6 for example says: “By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth”. God’s breath is the creative outflow of His power. The penmen were like the musical instrument but God breathed into the instrument to make the music.
God created mankind from the dust of the ground and breathed into man the breath of life and he became a living being. God’s breath is life-giving. As God breathed life into the first man He has breathed out life-giving power into His word. This is why we are told in Hebrews 4:12: “For the Word of God is LIVING and ACTIVE. Luther said “The Word of God has feet, it runs after me; The Word of God has hands, it lays hold of me”.
“For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (II Peter 1:21). Like the sails of a boat they were carried along by the breath or wind of God. The writers were completely under divine control, and while their intelligence, vocabulary, writing style, etc., were involved, they were entirely controlled by the Holy Spirit. They were like the pen in God’s hand, so that the result was absolute perfection in all that was written. When writing something other than Scripture, the writers were as fallible as any other men.
Jesus and the apostles settled all disputes by appealing to Scripture with the words “It is written”. Jesus public ministry began with His being tempted by Satan and His victory over him with the words “It is written” (Matthew 4:4). John the Baptist’s ministry is legitimatized by the words “It is written” (Mark 1:2). The resurrected Jesus enlightened the disciples with these words: “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.
Then He opened their minds so that they could understand the Scriptures. He told them, ‘This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem” (Luke 24: 44-47).
The Apostles proved that Jesus was the Messiah by appealing to Scripture: “That Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures” (I Corinthians 15”3-4). Paul’s hearers were commended for testing Paul’s preaching by the Scriptures. “Now the Bereans were of more noble character than the Thessalonians, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true” (Acts 17: 11).
In every area of life the Scriptures were the sole, and final authority that could not be challenged. God prepared the human writers from before birth. Examples of this are seen in Jeremiah the prophet: “The word of the Lord came to me saying, ‘before I formed thee in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations” (Jeremiah 1:4-5). And the apostle Paul: “ . . .God, who set me apart from birth and called me by his grace, was pleased to reveal his Son in me so that I might preach him among the Gentiles . . .” (Gal. 1:15-16).
The greatest proof that the Scriptures are the word of God is that the Lord Jesus Himself believed and taught the Divine authority of Scripture. He repeatedly said such things as “Have you never read?” and “It is written”, and “Search the Scriptures”.
He repeatedly alludes to the writings of Moses and the Prophets concerning events that take in the whole range Scriptural revelation. He rebukes His countrymen for their ignorance of the Scriptures and for making the Word of God void through their traditions. He said, “If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”(John 5: 46-47).
The Scriptures were always on His mind. Throughout His last days leading to the cross, the words “The Scriptures must be fulfilled” are repeated over and over. After the last supper when He and His disciples went out to the Mount of Olives, He warned them, “You will all fall away, for it is written. Then He quotes Zechariah 13:7: “I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered” (Mark 14:27).
Jesus said that He could avoid the cross by calling upon twelve legions of angels. But He could not do so because “How then would the scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way” (Matt. 26:54).
After He rose from the dead He met the two disciples on the road to Emmaus who were dejected because of His crucifixion, He rebukes their lack of faith by saying: “How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory? And beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself” (Luke 24:25-26).